Editorial from ROAPE Volume 36 Number 120
Conflict and Peace in the Horn of Africa
ROAPE has commissioned several special issues on the Horn of Africa in the last 25 years.
The first in 1984 (no 30), 'Conflict in the Horn of Africa', started off by characterising the hallmark of the region as 'manifold, violent, social conflict...'. Although by 1996 (no 70), 'The Horn of Africa' looked forward hopefully to peace dividends emanating from the successful end to liberation wars within the region and the end of the Cold War, new conflicts within Somalia had already ruptured the state there. By 2003, the 'Horn of Conflict (no 97) emphasised the centrality of violence to the region's political economy.
Although some of the older conflicts have taken on changing forms and new ones have emerged, this general labelling is just as appropriate to the present issue of ROAPE. The contributions focus on the major confrontation between Ethiopia and Eritrea, but this is only one of many dimensions of conflict in the region. Indeed, one central characteristic of the Horn is that analysis can start with any conflict situation - whether it be Eritrea and Ethiopia, Somalia, Darfur or Northern Uganda - and map out a trail linking to other countries and their internal or bilateral conflicts.
Earlier Special Issues