Briefing from ROAPE Volume 33 Number 109
Ethiopia's Oromo Liberation Front
Since the end of the war between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 2000, both countries have attempted to use third parties as weapons against each other, in their ongoing conflict over their disputed border. To this end each has aided and encouraged opposition movements active in the other's territory. In January 2005, sixteen Eritrean political parties met in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum to establish the Eritrean Democratic Alliance (EDA) with Ethiopian support. This included some of the oldest Eritrean parties which had been defeated by the EPLF during the civil war of the 1970s (the ELF and the ELF RC). Also included in the EDA were parties closely aligned with Ethiopia (like the Eritrean Revolutionary Democratic Front) and Islamist parties (the Eritrean Islamic Reform Movement).