Briefing from ROAPE Volume 33 Number 109
Miracle of Mogadishu
Life for the majority of the Somali population since the collapse of the state in 1991 and the disintegration of the country's political order has been difficult at best. After nearly two decades of warlords and faction leaders' rule Somalia leads the world in infant mortality. Further, life expectancy has declined by as much as those southern African countries devastated by the HIV/AIDs pandemic but without high HIV incidence rates. The awful conditions which have produced these deplorable vital statistics are products of the combined effects of internal and external forces. Warlords' and faction leaders' domination and an international community least concerned about the blight of the people had the consequence of disabling the local population from organising in order to create an environment conducive to reconstruction.