Briefing from ROAPE Volume 32 Number 104/5
2004 Elections in Northern Ghana
The December 2004 elections in Ghana were held under the terms of the 1992 Fourth Republic Constitution, with parliamentary and presidential polls being conducted on the same day - Tuesday 7 December. For Ghana as a whole the election was a triumph for the ruling New Patriotic Party (NPP), with President Kuffuor receiving 52.45% of the vote as against only 44.64% for his nearest rival Professor Atta Mills. However, for the three northern regions their continued support for the opposition National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the much smaller People's National Convention (PNC) confirmed their continuing divergence from political trends in most of the south. So, despite this victory for the incumbent party our focus is why the NPP failed to make significant gains in the north of the country. I argue that the explanation for this lies partly in historical disputes within the area combined with more recent socio-economic developments and ongoing tensions in relations between Accra and the north.