Briefing from ROAPE Volume 23 Number 67
1995 Tanzania Union Elections
On 29 October 1995, the first multi-party elections since independence were held in Tanzania, ending 34 years of one-party rule by the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) / Afro=Shirazi Party (ASP) and, after their merger in 1977, Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM). The political transition toward multi-partyism started officially on 27 February 1991, with the appointment by President Mwinyi of the twenty-two member ‘Commission on One-Party or Multi-party Political System for Tanzania’ . The Commission collected opinions from 36, 299 people throughout Tanzania, of which 77.2% preferred continuing with the one-party system. Nevertheless, following trends toward broader democratization and pressure from international donors, the Commission recommended the transition to multi-partyism, which was accepted by governments of both the Union and Zanzibar. In the joint session of the Houses of Representatives held in April-May 1992, the Constitution was amended and the Political Parties Bill was passed to revise the role of CCM in the government and to enact a new electoral framework.