Article from ROAPE Volume 4 Number 10
Agricultural Policies in Mainland Tanzania

Agricultural Policies in Mainland Tanzania
Vol.4 No.10 (Winter 1977), pp74-100
The years 1946-76 cover the last fifteen years of colonial rule in Tanganyika and the first fifteen years of Independence. In that period Governments attempted a wide range of policies relating to agriculture. The more important of these are summarised in Table 1. This paper attempts to bring out the historical sequence to show how the perceived weaknesses in one set of politics led to the choice of the next. A general conclusion is that those who controlled the State consistently misunderstood fundamental aspects of peasant agriculture, and over-estimated what the use of State power could achieve in rural developments. More specifically the paper charts a conflict of interest between peasants and bureaucrats beginning in colonial times and continuing today. From a bureaucratic point of view, the peasants are an important section of the economy which they cannot fully control, but which they attempt to manipulate to extract a surplus of food to feed the cities and export crops to extract the foreign exchange to maintain or expand the State. More ....